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How to choose a performance framework that fits your company


All performance frameworks—whether it is the Balanced Scorecard (BSC), Objectives and Key Results (OKRs),  Management by Objectives (MBO) or the Performance Prism—have a shared DNA and purpose: to create synergy in the organization to optimize key results. However, two important questions need to be asked: which performance framework should a company implement and what should one consider when selecting a performance framework?

A well-defined performance framework enables the organization to achieve its desired goals, and having various performance frameworks in hand can make it a bit tricky to choose the right one. Thus, one might be tempted to try implementing what big companies such as Google have implemented and attempt to do the same within their own organization without contextualizing the company culture, size, and business nature. 

This article will illustrate the four things to consider when selecting a performance framework for the organization.

  • Understand your company’s goals and objectives.

It would be silly to start furnishing an empty room without first understanding its intended purpose. Is it going to be for dining or a personal workspace? The same thing can be said when selecting a performance framework. Understanding the company’s goals and objectives is crucial as it will give you a sense of direction. For example, if the company’s goal is to have a disruptive, innovative product or achieve fast growth, then you might consider the OKRs framework as it will enable you to set challenging objectives and provide flexibility to support innovation. On the other hand, if the company’s objectives gravitate toward stability and sustaining the current market share with modest growth, then the BSC is more suitable for this type of environment as it will assist in cascading the objectives from the top down and preserve company status quo while supporting growth at the same time.

  • Consider the company size and structure. 

When we talk about company size, we are not only talking about its capital and asset value, but we are also talking about its workforce size and how they are structured into various functions. If the company has a huge hierarchical structure where each employee is expected to perform a very specific and specialized task that is repetitive and operational, then selecting a framework that exhibits this nature of work will enable the company to create clarity and focus for the employees. A framework to consider for this purpose is MBO, which is defined by The KPI Institute as “clearly setting and defining objectives agreed by both management and their employees.”

  • Involve internal stakeholders in the selection process.

Highly engaged employees produce substantially better outcomes, are more likely to stay at their organization, and experience less burnout, according to analytics and advisory firm Gallup, Unfortunately, employees can’t reach that level unless they feel that their day-to-day tasks are linked to the company’s purpose and that they have an impact on the results. A good performance framework should be able to convey this to the employees. Asking employees what they value the most and involving them in the decision-making process will result in a highly engaged organization and limit the silo work environment. A performance framework should not be imposed but rather tailored to serve the company’s goals and its human capabilities.

  • Review and assess the performance framework. 

Just like a strategy review, a performance framework needs to be reviewed regularly and not ossified and treated as set in stone within the organization. As the company’s strategy, size, and market grow and change, the performance framework needs to be updated and changed as well. 

In conclusion, selecting a performance framework is only the first step. It is a tool for enablement, not a purpose. All performance frameworks can be customized to fit the company’s needs—these are not off-the-shelf products that must be implemented as-is. Nevertheless, other factors play a huge role in executing performance frameworks, such as employee engagement, company structure, and business processes. All these factors influence and impact which framework to select.

This article was written and submitted by Ms. Wedad Alsubaie, who works at the Strategy Management Office of the National Unified Procurement Company in Saudi Arabia.

Preparing for the future: why businesses should build organizational resilience

organizational resilience blackboard

Image Source: Gerd Altmann | Pixabay

Today’s fast-paced and rapidly changing business environment is characterized by uncertainty and the interdependence of economies, societies, and markets. Thus, organizations are facing numerous challenges that can threaten their ability to survive and thrive. According to the Harvard Business Review, the key forces stressing the business landscape include the pandemic and geopolitical instability along with other factors, such as technological disruption, climate change, and globalization. Unsurprisingly, given these difficulties, business leaders decided to focus on organizational resilience in order to adapt to this dynamic environment, leverage opportunities, and deliver sustainable performance improvement.

In a report from Cranfield School of Management, Professor David Denyer defines organizational resilience as the ability of an entity to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and adapt to incremental change and sudden disruptions to survive and prosper. His paper underlines the idea that organizational resilience requires special control over multiple independent and redundant layers of protection for all critical assets (people, products, property, information) and compliance (standard operating procedures, processes, and training).

Organizations can increase their resilience by adopting various frameworks and models (see Figure 1).

To increase resilience, organizations should develop capabilities, competencies, and principles that are aligned with their chosen resilience framework or model. Some of the capabilities and competencies that can enhance resilience include leadership commitment, risk management, business continuity planning, incident response planning, communication, training, and awareness, according to Stephanie Duchek’s article from 2019. In addition, the six principles stated by Harvard Business Review for enhancing organizations and decision processes to become more resilient can be consulted (see Figure 2).

organizational resilience principles

Figure 2 – The 6 principles for increasing resilience of long-lasting systems| Source: Adapted from Harvard Business Review 2020 Article

The International Consortium For Organizational Resilience (ICOR), a global consortium of business continuity and resilience professionals, developed a model based on ISO 22316. The model is composed of three dimensions (leadership & strategy, preparedness & managerial risk, and culture & behavior) with nine strategies directly subordinated to them and six sets of corresponding behaviors. One benefit of the ICOR model is its structured approach to resilience management, which can help organizations better understand their vulnerabilities and develop more effective risk mitigation and response plans. The model also emphasizes the importance of ongoing evaluation and improvement of resilience plans, which can help organizations stay ahead of evolving threats.

There are some limitations to the ICOR model that may not be suitable for all types of organizations— particularly smaller or less complex ones—because, in comparison with big enterprises, most SME owners do not have access to resilience training and tools or their employees are not involved in the development of strategies to increase an entity’s resilience, as stated by the International Labour Organization. Additionally, the model may not adequately account for potential cascading or interdependent risks.

Despite its limitations, the ICOR model is widely used to measure resilience in a variety of industries, including healthcare, transportation, and manufacturing. It is important to mention that this model is not used in most cases by itself, but rather in combination with one or more frameworks or models mentioned above, depending on the needs and the industry in which the organization operates. 

To thrive in today’s tumultuous business environment, organizations must develop the capabilities and competencies necessary to anticipate, prepare for, and respond to disturbances effectively.

Employee onboarding best practices for better performance


Image Source: Sora Shimazaki | Pexels

Today’s competitive corporate environment recognizes that employees are their most significant asset. Thus, onboarding new hires is vital to their performance and success. Employee onboarding is a strategic investment that prepares employees for long-term development and productivity. According to SHRM, 69% of workers are more likely to remain in a company for more than three years if that company has a robust onboarding procedure. The significance of effective onboarding and its impact on long-term performance will be emphasized in three important pillars throughout the article.

First pillar: communicating vision and mission

According to HBR, 90% of employees are willing to work for less money in exchange for meaningful work. Consequently, it is vital to adequately communicate the organization’s mission and vision to new employees during the onboarding process. Employees may attain a sense of purpose and tie their work to larger business goals by integrating their expertise with the company’s values. This shared sense of purpose fosters a strong work culture built on a common goal. Google, for example, ensures that new workers learn and accept the company’s ideals via its “Ten Things We Know to Be True” onboarding process, resulting in the company being widely and consistently regarded as one of the best places to work at year after year.

Second pillar: providing on-the-job training and required tools

Image Source: Campaign Creators | Unsplash

One critical component of the onboarding process is ensuring that new hires have the on-the-job information and tools they need to succeed, especially in the wake of global digitalization and the tendency to opt for online job training. Starting new employees with the correct tools and knowledge positions them for success and improves their performance. Unfortunately, 59% of the employees claim that they didn’t have proper on-the-job training. This should be rectified since training programs that target particular work needs and equip individuals with the appropriate skills and knowledge result in fewer errors, more accuracy, and better performance results.

Third pillar: building employee engagement

Image Source: Yan Krukau | Pexels

The new hire onboarding process is also important in building strong networks within the organization. Companies may develop a sense of belonging by encouraging interactions and team building, which has a direct impact on employee performance. According to the HBR poll, just 25% of respondents believe they are highly engaged in their firms. Addressing such issues throughout the onboarding process helps new employees feel valued, integrated, and motivated to accomplish their best. 

Many corporations launched a “buddy program” to implement an employee engagement strategy from the first day of hiring. A buddy assists a new employee throughout the first several months, explains processes, and gets them acquainted with the culture. This will increase corporate profitability since Gallup research reveals that highly engaged units are 23% more profitable compared to other less engaged units. 

To summarize, recognizing employees as valuable assets and investing in their onboarding process is critical for long-term corporate performance and success. Organizations may improve new recruit performance and contribute to a healthy work culture that supports overall productivity and profitability by successfully communicating their vision and goals, delivering thorough on-the-job training, and cultivating employee engagement.

Why is data integration important and how can we achieve it?


Image Source: cottonbro studio | pexels

In today’s data-driven world, organizations are constantly grappling with an abundance of data coming from various sources and in different formats. Data integration has emerged as a critical process that enables businesses to connect these disparate data sources by consolidating them into repositories called data silos, creating a comprehensive and unified view of their information. This single source of truth empowers organizations to make more informed decisions and derive valuable insights for better business intelligence

These disparate data sources can vary in type, structure, and format. Successful data integration finds a way to connect these sources, either by building relationships between them where they reside or by periodically extracting, transforming, and loading data (a process known as ETL) from these sources into one big database dubbed a data warehouse.

Figure 1. Basic Data Integration in a Warehouse Diagram | Adapted from Data Integration and ETL: A Theoretical Perspective

For example, when sales data is combined with customer data, the organization can gain a deeper understanding of customer behavior and preferences, which would allow personalized marketing efforts and improved customer satisfaction.

Data integration can be challenging as there is no one technical way of implementing it. Rather, the process depends on the needs and resources of each organization. Organizations with no technical capabilities would need to seek a third-party service provider.

Despite the variance across organizations, one thing remains consistent—every data integration process should be approached systematically by taking into consideration the following key strategic steps:

  1. Defining integration goals: Organizations need to clearly outline the objectives and outcomes they want to achieve through data integration. 
  2. Assessment of data sources: This includes identifying all the data sources within the organization and understanding the structure, format, and quality of the data coming from each source.
  3. Data mapping and transformation: This entails defining how different sources will be mapped to a common format. This may involve cleaning and preparing data silos in the first place.
  4. Defining technique and tools: Based on the previous steps, a technical decision should be made on how to do the integration and the degree with which manual labor and automation will be utilized.
  5. Building integration processes: This answers the question, “How will future data be integrated as well?” It involves defining workflows and processes that should be scalable, reliable, and capable of handling future data growth.
  6. Testing and monitoring: As data integration is a continuous process, organizations should always test and monitor the integrated data thoroughly to ensure accuracy, consistency, and reliability. Validating the integration results should be done against predefined criteria, along with making necessary adjustments if discrepancies are found or to adapt to changing data sources and business needs.

In conclusion, data integration plays a crucial role in enabling organizations to harness the full potential of their data. By connecting disparate data sources and creating a single source of truth, organizations can unlock valuable insights, improve decision-making, and enhance operational efficiency. Following a systematic approach and leveraging appropriate integration tools lets organizations achieve successful data integration and gain a competitive edge in today’s data-driven landscape.

Egypt’s digital transformation under the ICT 2030 Strategy


Egypt 2030 Vision | Source: Telecom Review Africa

In 2016, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi exhibited tremendous support for Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030. Since then, Egypt has undergone a major digital transition to modernize its economy, improve public services, and boost digital literacy. To attain such goals, the country has invested heavily in education, research, and technical infrastructure. This article will analyze Egypt’s recent technological developments across three main pillars.

  • Infrastructure development

The Egyptian government has invested considerably in the development of its digital infrastructure to provide reliable and high-speed internet connectivity across the country, such as expanding its fiber optic network to connect more households and businesses to the internet. As of 2020, more than 70% of the country’s population had access to the internet. Egypt has allocated more than $1.1 billion for the development of 5G technology and infrastructure. Adopting new technologies, such as 5G, will provide faster internet speed and improve connectivity across the country. 

  • E-government services

According to the ICT 2030 strategy, Egypt has made significant progress in digitizing its government services, which has made it easier for citizens to access essential services online. In 2020, the Egyptian E-Government Services Portal was launched, providing a one-stop-shop for government services such as applying for passports and IDs. The portal offers more than 100 services, and as of 2021, more than 6 million citizens have registered for the service.

  • Financial inclusion & e-commerce

Meeza card, a national electronic payment card launched in 2019, allows citizens to receive their salaries, pensions, and other government payments electronically.

Egypt’s digital transformation has paved the way for private companies to launch several mobile payment applications, such as Fawry, Instapay, and Vodafone Cash, allowing citizens to pay bills, transfer money, and make purchases using their mobile phones.

Figure 2. Meeza Card | Source: Meeza-EG

The following explains why Egypt’s case should serve as a model based on two main motives:

Economic growth

The digital sector has been one of the fastest-growing sectors in Egypt, contributing significantly to the country’s GDP. According to a report by the governmental statistics, the ICT sector contributed 5% to Egypt’s GDP in 2021, and digital exports reached $4.9 billion by 2022.

Financial inclusion

The digitization of financial services has increased financial inclusion among Egyptians. According to a report by the MCIT, 56% of Egyptian adults have a bank account. Moreover, the money wallet accounts are expected to reach 57.9 million in 2025, which is higher than the average for countries in the Middle East and North Africa. In conclusion, Egypt’s digital transformation has advanced due to government investments in infrastructure, education, and innovation.

Digitizing government services, increasing digital literacy, and the government is pursuing digital transformation to meet its long-term aims. Last but not least, a valuable resource for those seeking to enhance their knowledge and skills in strategy planning is The KPI Institute’s Certified Strategy and Business Planning Professional course. It is recommended to sign up for this course to learn more about strategy planning.


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